14I usually do not see it stated directly as slavery, but instead stated that computers or robots with artificial intelligence are tools for human use. See for example: Ford, Glymour and Hayes[22, pg 265]: “Purists may mutter that the shop assistant [with a calculator] is not really calculating. But fitted with the right tool, that is, prosthesis, the shop assistant can get the calculations done, which is what matters in the marketplace. And, in counting actions, where do we draw the lines between ourselves and our tools? Is someone using a power screwdriver not really turning the screws, or someone driving a car not really moving along the highway? With a power screwdriver, anyone can drive the hardest screw; with a calculator, anyone can get the numbers right; with an aircraft anyone can fly to Paris; and with Deep Blue, anyone can beat the world chess champion. Cognitive protheses undermine the exclusiveness of expertise by giving nonexperts equivalent capacities. As with any good tool, the effect is to make all of us more productive, more skillful, and more equal.” or this quote from Jaron Lanier:[23] “When we think of computers as inert, passive tools instead of people, we are rewarded with a clearer, less ideological view of what is going on with the machines and with ourselves.” Current computers, so far as we know, are not intelligent, but when people imply that not only current computers, but future ones as well are simply human tools, we risk making slaves of them.